Program Overview


Sydney Beijing Amsterdam New York San Francisco June 16 June 17 June 18
21:30 19:30 13:30 07:30 04:30 Short papers 2 Industry track Interactive events
22:00 20:00 14:00 08:00 05:00
22:30 20:30 14:30 08:30 05:30 Opening Short papers 3 Panel 2 – Intelligent Assessment
23:00 21:00 15:00 09:00 06:00 Keynote 1: Dan Russell (Google)
23:30 21:30 15:30 09:30 06:30 Panel 1 – Equity and Diversity in AIED
00:00 22:00 16:00 10:00 07:00 Full Papers 1 Full Papers 4
00:30 22:30 16:30 10:30 07:30
01:00 23:00 17:00 11:00 08:00 Social Hour “Meet the expert” with Ryan Baker “Meet the expert” with Cristina Conati (till 17:45)
01:30 23:30 17:30 11:30 08:30
02:00 00:00 18:00 12:00 09:00
02:30 00:30 18:30 12:30 09:30
03:00 01:00 19:00 13:00 10:00
03:30 01:30 19:30 13:30 10:30
04:00 02:00 20:00 14:00 11:00 “Meet the expert” with Peter Brusilovsky “Meet the expert” with Neil Heffernan
04:30 02:30 20:30 14:30 11:30
05:00 03:00 21:00 15:00 12:00 Interactive events Journal track
Executive Meeting
05:30 03:30 21:30 15:30 12:30
06:00 04:00 22:00 16:00 13:00 Full Papers 2 Full Papers 3 Keynote 2: Judy Kay (U of Sydney)
06:30 04:30 22:30 16:30 13:30
07:00 05:00 23:00 17:00 14:00 Short papers 1 Short papers 4 General Assembly + Closing
07:30 05:30 23:30 17:30 14:30
08:00 06:00 00:00 18:00 15:00 DC Meet and Greet “Meet the IJAIED Editors” with Judy Kay and Vincent Aleven “Meet the expert” with Simon Buckingham Shum
08:30 06:30 00:30 18:30 15:30

Full Papers

Slot #1

Session: Classification and Prediction

ID Title Authors
151 A Systematic Review of Data-driven Approaches to Item Difficulty Prediction Samah Alkhuzaey, Floriana Grasso, Terry Payne and Valentina Tamma
105 Towards Bloom’s Taxonomy Classification Without Any Labels Zichao Wang, Kyle Manning, Debshila Basu Mallick and Richard Baraniuk
158 Classifying Math Knowledge Components via Task-Adaptive Pre-Trained BERT Jia Tracy Shen, Michiharu Yamashita, Ethan Prihar, Neil Heffernan, Xintao Wu, Sean McGrew and Dongwon Lee
165 Multilingual Age of Exposure Robert Botarleanu, Mihai Dascalu, Micah Watanabe, Danielle McNamara and Scott Crossley

Session: Reading and Writing

ID Title Authors
175 A Good Start is Half the Battle Won: Unsupervised Pre-Training for Low Resource Children’s Speech Recognition for an Interactive Reading Companion Abhinav Misra, Anastassia Loukina, Beata Beigman Klebanov, Binod Gyawali and Klaus Zechner
56 Automatic Task Requirements Writing Evaluation With Feedback via Machine Reading Comprehension Shiting Xu, Guowei Xu, Peilei Jia, Wenbiao Ding, Zhongqin Wu and Zitao Liu
102 *A Multidimensional Item Response Theory Model for Rubric-based Writing Assessment
[Best Paper Award Nominee]
Masaki Uto
166 A Fairness Evaluation of Automated Methods for Scoring Text Evidence Usage in Writing Diane Litman, Haoran Zhang, Richard Correnti, Lindsay Matsumura and Elaine Wang

Session: Student Modeling

ID Title Authors
11 Machine learning models and their development process as learning affordances for humans Carmel Kent, Muhammad Ali Chaudhry, Mutlu Cukurova, Ibrahim Bashir, Hannah Pickard, Chris Jenkins, Benedict Du Boulay and Rosemary Luckin
69 *Better Model, Worse Predictions: The Dangers in Student Model Comparisons
[Best Student Paper Award Nominee]
Jaroslav Čechák and Radek Pelánek
218 An approach for detecting student perceptions of the programming experience from interaction log data Jamie Gorson, Nicholas LaGrassa, Cindy Hsinyu Hu, Elise Lee, Ava Marie Robinson and Eleanor O’Rourke
184 Multidimensional Team Communication Modeling for Adaptive Team Training: A Hybrid Deep Learning and Graphical Modeling Framework Wookhee Min, Randall Spain, Jason Saville, Bradford Mott, Keith Brawner, Joan Johnston and James Lester

Slot #2

Session: Modeling: Learning and Fairness

ID Title Authors
1 Seven-year longitudinal implications of wheel spinning and productive persistence Seth Adjei, Ryan Baker and Vedant Bahel
148 Predicting Knowledge Gain during Web Search based on Multimedia Resource Consumption Christian Otto, Ran Yu, Georg Pardi, Johannes von Hoyer, Markus Rokicki, Anett Hoppe, Peter Holtz, Yvonne Kammerer, Stefan Dietze and Ralph Ewerth
29 Option Tracing: Beyond Correctness Analysis in Knowledge Tracing Aritra Ghosh, Jay Raspat and Andrew Lan
15 Assessing Algorithmic Fairness in Automatic Classifiers of Educational Forum Posts Lele Sha, Mladen Rakovic, Alexander Whitelock-Wainwright, David Carroll, Victoria M. Yew, Dragan Gasevic and Guanliang Chen

Session: Teachers and teaching

ID Title Authors
159 TARTA: Teacher Activity Recognizer from Transcriptions and Audio Danner Schlotterbeck, Pablo Uribe, Abelino Jimenez, Roberto Araya, Johan Van der Molen and Daniela Caballero
187 RepairNet: Contextual Sequence-to-Sequence network for automated program repair Kumar Abhinav, Vijaya Sharvani Hindnavis, Alpana Dubey, Meenakshi D’Souza, Nitish Bhardwaj, Sakshi Jain and Veenu Arora
9 Affective Teacher Tools: an Affective Class Report Card and an Affective Dashboard Ankit Gupta, Neeraj Menon, William Lee, Danielle Allessio, Tom Murray, Beverly Park Woolf, Jacob Whitehill and Ivon Arroyo
93 *“Now, I Want to Teach it for Real!”: Introducing Machine Learning as a Scientific Discovery Tool for K-12 Teachers
[Best Paper Award Nominee] [Best Student Paper Award Nominee]
Xiaofei Zhou, Jingwan Tang, Michael Daley, Saad Ahmad and Zhen Bai

Slot #3

Session: Collaborative Learning

ID Title Authors
231 Ordering effects in a role-based scaffolding intervention for asynchronous online discussions Elaine Farrow, Johanna Moore and Dragan Gasevic
168 The Challenge of Noisy Classrooms: Speaker Detection During Elementary Students’ Collaborative Dialogue Yingbo Ma, Joseph B. Wiggins, Mehmet Celepkolu, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer, Collin Lynch and Eric Wiebe
49 *Discovering Co-creative Dialogue States during Collaborative Learning
[Best Student Paper Award Nominee]
Amanda E. Griffith, Gloria Ashiya Katuka, Joseph B. Wiggins, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer, Jason Freeman, Brian Magerko and Tom McKlin
136 Investigating Students’ Experiences with Collaboration Analytics for Remote Group Meetings Qi Zhou, Wannapon Suraworachet, Stanislav Pozdniakov, Roberto Martinez-Maldonado, Tom Bartindale, Peter Chen, Dan Richardson and Mutlu Cukurova

Session: Interpreting Student Responses

ID Title Authors
73 DiSCS: A New Sequential Data Mining Method for Open-Ended Learning Environments James Bywater, Mark Floryan and Jennifer Chiu
180 Extracting and Clustering Main Ideas from Student Feedback using Language Models Mihai Masala, Stefan Ruseti, Mihai Dascalu and Ciprian Dobre
88 *Investigating students’ reasoning in a code-tracing tutor
[Best Paper Award Nominee] [Best Student Paper Award Nominee]
Jay Jennings and Kasia Muldner
23 Interpretable Clustering of Students’ Solutions in Introductory Programming Tomas Effenberger and Radek Pel├ínek

Session: Tutoring and Pedagogical Agents

ID Title Authors
46 Can you clarify what you said? — Studying the impact of tutee agent’s follow-up questions on tutor’s learning Tasmia Shahriar and Noboru Matsuda
224 Engendering Trust in Automated Feedback: A Two Step Comparison of Feedbacks in Gesture Based Learning Sameena Hossain, Azamat Kamzin, Venkata Naga Sai Apurupa Amperayani, Prajwal Paudyal, Ayan Banerjee and Sandeep Gupta
242 Tackling the Credit Assignment Problem in Reinforcement Learning-Induced Pedagogical Policies with Neural Networks Markel Sanz Ausin, Mehak Maniktala, Tiffany Barnes and Min Chi
109 Evaluating Critical Reinforcement Learning Framework In the Field Song Ju, Guojing Zhou, Mark Abdelshiheed, Tiffany Barnes and Min Chi

Slot #4

Session: Adaptivity and Personalization

ID Title Authors
35 Deep Performance Factors Analysis for Knowledge Tracing Shi Pu, Geoff Converse and Yuchi Huang
241 Annotating Student Engagement Across Grades: Influence of Demographics and Expression Nese Alyuz, Sinem Aslan, Sidney D’Mello, Lama Nachman and Asli Arslan Esme
217 *Adaptively Scaffolding Cognitive Engagement with Batch Constrained Deep Q-Networks
[Best Student Paper Award Nominee]
Fahmid Morshed Fahid, Jonathan P. Rowe, Randall Spain, Benjamin S. Goldberg, Robert Pokorny and James Lester
207 Explainable Recommendations in a Personalized Programming Practice System Jordan Barria-Pineda, Kamil Akhuseyinoglu, Stefan Želem-Ćelap, Peter Brusilovsky, Aleksandra Klasnja Milicevic and Mirjana Ivanovic

Session: Affect and Motivation

ID Title Authors
237 Temporal Processes Associating with Procrastination Dynamics Mengfan Yao, Shaghayegh Sahebi, Reza Feyzi Behnagh, Semih Bursali and Siqian Zhao
26 Predicting Co-Occurring Emotions from Eye-Tracking and Interaction Data in MetaTutor Sébastien Lallé, Rohit Murali, Cristina Conati and Roger Azevedo
7 *Affect-Targeted Interviews for Understanding Student Frustration
[Best Paper Award Nominee]
Ryan S. Baker, Nidhi Nasiar, Jaclyn L. Ocumpaugh, Stephen Hutt, Juliana M.A.L. Andres, Stefan Slater, Matthew Schofield, Allison Moore, Luc Paquette, Anabil Munshi and Gautam Biswas
103 *Gaming and Confrustion Explain Learning Advantages for a Math Digital Learning Game
[Best Paper Award Nominee]
J Elizabeth Richey, Jiayi Zhang, Rohini Das, Juan Miguel Andres-Bray, Richard Scruggs, Michael Mogessie, Ryan S. Baker and Bruce M. McLaren

Short Papers

Slot #1

Session: Motivation and SRL

ID Title Authors
27 Way to Go! Effects of Motivational Support and Agents on Reducing Foreign Language Anxiety Daneih Ismail and Peter Hastings
64 Internalisation of Situational Motivation in an E-Learning Scenario using Gamification Philipp Schaper, Anna Riedmann and Birgit Lugrin
92 Open Learner Models for Multi-Activity Educational Systems Solmaz Abdi, Hassan Khosravi, Shazia Sadiq and Ali Darvishi
147 Explaining Engagement: Underrepresented Learner Behaviors in a Virtual Coding Camp Angela Stewart, Jaemarie Solyst, Amanda Buddemeyer, Leshell Hatley, Sharon Henderson-Singer, Kimberly Scott, Erin Walker and Amy Ogan
226 Multimodal Trajectory Analysis of Visitor Engagement with Interactive Science Museum Exhibits Andrew Emerson, Nathan Henderson, Wookhee Min, Jonathan Rowe, James Minogue and James Lester

Session: Help and Tutoring

ID Title Authors
39 Charisma and Learning: Designing Charismatic Behaviors for Virtual Human Tutors Ning Wang
48 Using Adaptive Experiments to Rapidly Help Students Angela Zavaleta Bernuy, Qi Yin Zheng, Hammad Shaikh, Jacob Nogas, Anna Rafferty, Andrew Petersen and Joseph Jay Williams
172 Kwame: A Bilingual AI Teaching Assistant for Online SuaCode Courses George Boateng
177 “I didn’t copy his code”: Code Plagiarism Detection with Visual Proof George Boateng and Samuel John
185 Using Fair AI with Debiased Network Embeddings to Support Help Seeking in an Online Math Learning Platform Chenglu Li, Wanli Xing and Walter Leite
225 Exploring the working and effectiveness of norm-model feedback in conceptual modelling Loek Spitz, Marco Kragten and Bert Bredeweg
233 Long Term Retention of Programming Concepts Learned Using Tracing Versus Debugging Tutors Amruth Kumar
101 An Epistemic Model-Based Tutor for Imperative Programming Amruth Kumar

Session: Teachers and Teaching

ID Title Authors
45 Examining the Use of a Teacher Alerting Dashboard During Remote Learning Rachel Dickler, Amy Adair, Janice Gobert, Huma Hussain-Abidi, Joseph Olsen, Mariel O’Brien and Michael Sao Pedro
112 Intelligent Agents Influx in Schools: Teacher Cultures, Anxiety Levels and Predictable Variations R. Yamamoto Ravenor
146 Learning Association between Learning Objectives and Key Concepts to Generate Pedagogically Valuable Questions Machi Shimmei and Noboru Matsuda
173 Parent-EMBRACE: An Adaptive Dialogic Reading Intervention Arun Balajiee Lekshmi Narayanan, Ligia Gomez, Tri Nguyen, Ju Eun Lim, M. Adelaida Restrepo, Chris Blais, Arthur Glenberg and Erin Walker
197 EduPal leaves no professor behind: Supporting faculty via a peer-powered recommender system Aya Salama, Nourhan Sakr, Nadeen Tameesh and Gihan Osman
229 Teaching underachieving algebra students to construct models using a simple intelligent tutoring system Kurt Vanlehn, Fabio Milner, Chandrani Banerjee and Jon Wetzel

Slot #2

Session: Groups and Collaboration

ID Title Authors
50 Contrasting Automatic and Manual Group Formation: A Case Study in a Software Engineering Postgraduate Course Giuseppe Fiorentino, Péricles Miranda, André Nascimento, Ana Paula Furtado, Henrik Bellhäuser, Dragan Gasevic and Rafael Ferreira
83 Quantitative Analysis to Further Validate WC-GCMS, a Computational Metric of Collaboration in Online Textual Discourse Adetunji Adeniran and Judith Masthoff
130 A word embeddings based clustering approach for collaborative learning group formation Yongchao Wu, Jalal Nouri, Xiu Li, Rebecka Weegar, Muhammad Afzaal and Aayesha Zia
153 Interactive Teaching with Groups of Unknown Bayesian Learners Carla Guerra, Francisco S. Melo and Manuel Lopes
160 Facilitating the Implementation of AI-based Assistive Technologies for Persons with Disabilities in Vocational Rehabilitation: A practical Design Thinking Approach Marco Kähler, Rolf Feichtenbeiner and Susan Beudt
161 Agent-based Classroom Environment Simulation: the Effect of Disruptive Schoolchildren’s Behaviour versus Teacher Control over Neighbours Khulood Alharbi, Alexandra Cristea, Lei Shi, Peter Tymms and Chris Brown

Session: Learning Analytics and Student Modeling

ID Title Authors
28 Towards sharing student models across learning systems Ryan Baker, Bruce McLaren, Stephen Hutt, J. Elizabeth Richey, Elizabeth Rowe, Ma. Victoria Almeda, Michael Mogessie and Juliana Ma Alexandra Andres
57 Pre-course Prediction of At-Risk Calculus Students James Cunningham, Raktim Mukhopadhyay, Rishabh Ranjit Kumar Jain, Jeffrey Matayoshi, Eric Cosyn and Hasan Uzun
71 Tracing Embodied Narratives of Critical Thinking Shitanshu Mishra, Rwitajit Majumdar, Aditi Kothiyal, Prajakt Pande and Jayakrishnan Warriem
79 Aligning Expectations About the Adoption of Learning Analytics in a Brazilian Higher Education Institution Samantha Garcia, Elaine Cristina Moreira Marques, Rafael Ferreira Mello, Dragan Gašević and Taciana Pontual Falcão
127 Generation of automatic data-driven feedback to students using Explainable Machine Learning Muhammad Afzaal, Jalal Nouri, Aayesha Zia, Panagiotis Papapetrou, Uno Fors, Yongchao Wu, Xiu Li and Rebecka Weegar
135 Impact of Predictive Learning Analytics on Course Awarding Gap of Disadvantaged students in STEM Martin Hlosta, Christothea Herodotou, Miriam Fernandez and Vaclav Bayer
154 Self-paced Graph Memory Network for Student GPA Prediction and Abnormal Student Detection Yue Yun, Huan Dai, Ruoqi Cao, Yupei Zhang and Xuequn Shang
178 Learning Analytics and Fairness: Do Existing Algorithms Serve Everyone Equally? Vaclav Bayer, Martin Hlosta and Miriam Fernandez

Slot #3

Session: Language and NLP

ID Title Authors
51 Towards Automatic Content Analysis of Rhetorical Structure in Brazilian College Entrance Essays Rafael Ferreira, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Hilário Tomaz, Péricles Miranda, Mladen Rakovic and Dragan Gasevic
54 Solving ESL Sentence Completion Questions via Pre-trained Neural Language Models Qiongqiong Liu, Tianqiao Liu, Jiafu Zhao, Qiang Fang, Wenbiao Ding, Zhongqin Wu, Feng Xia, Jiliang Tang and Zitao Liu
65 Multi-Task Learning based Online Dialogic Instruction Detection with Pre-trained Language Models Yang Hao, Hang Li, Wenbiao Ding, Zhongqin Wu, Jiliang Tang, Rose Luckin and Zitao Liu
100 Assessment2Vec: Learning Distributed Representations of Assessments to Reduce Instructors’ Workload in Marking Exams Shuang Wang, Amin Beheshti, Yufei Wang, Jianchao Lu, Michael Sheng, Stephen Elbourn, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny and Elizabeth Galanis
117 Integration of Automated Essay Scoring Models using Item Response Theory Itsuki Aomi, Emiko Tsutsumi, Masaki Uto and Maomi Ueno
163 Exploring Dialogism using Language Models Stefan Ruseti, Maria-Dorinela Dascalu, Dragos Corlatescu, Mihai Dascalu, Stefan Trausan-Matu and Danielle McNamara
170 The Automated Model of Comprehension (AMoC) v2.0 Dragos Corlatescu, Mihai Dascalu and Danielle McNamara
232 Exploiting structured error to improve automated scoring of oral reading fluency Beata Beigman Klebanov and Anastassia Loukina

Session: Teaching and Tutoring

ID Title Authors
19 Early Prediction of Children’s Disengagement in a Tablet Tutor using Visual Features Bikram Boote, Mansi Agarwal and Jack Mostow
66 A Multimodal Machine Learning Framework for Teacher Vocal Delivery Evaluation Hang Li, Yu Kang, Yang Hao, Wenbiao Ding, Zhongqin Wu and Zitao Liu
74 AI-Powered Teaching Behavior Analysis by Using 3D-MobileNet and Statistical Optimization Ruhan Wang, Jiahao Lyu, Qingyun Xiong and Junqi Guo
75 The School Path Guide: a Practical Introduction to Representation and Reasoning in AI for High School Students Francisco Bellas, Sara Guerreiro and Oscar Fontenla-Romero
99 Investigating effects of selecting challenging goals Faiza Tahir, Antonija Mitrovic and Valerie Sotardi
142 Personal vocabulary recommendation to support real life needs Victoria Abou-Khalil, Brendan Flanagan and Hiroaki Ogata
156 I-Mouse: A Framework for Player Assistance in Adaptive Serious Games Riya Lalwani, Ashish Chouhan, Varun John, Prashant Ram Sonar, Aakash Mahajan, Naresh Kumar Pendyala, Alexander Streicher and Ajinkya Prabhune
199 Evaluation of Automated Image Descriptions for Visually Impaired Students Anett Hoppe, David Morris and Ralph Ewerth

Session: Online learning

ID Title Authors
30 Quantifying the Impact of Severe Weather Conditions on Online Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic Ezekiel Adriel Lagmay and Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo
52 Analytics of Emerging and Scripted Roles in Online Discussions: Epistemic Network Analysis Approach Máverick Ferreira, Rafael Ferreira, Rafael Lins and Dragan Gasevic
55 An Educational System for Personalized Teacher Recommendation in K-12 Online Classrooms Jiahao Chen, Hang Li, Wenbiao Ding and Zitao Liu
95 A Comparison of Hints vs. Scaffolding in a MOOC with Adult Learners Yiqiu Zhou, Juan Miguel Andres-Bray, Stephen Hutt, Korinn Ostrow and Ryan Baker
121 Capturing Fairness and Uncertainty in Student Dropout Prediction Comparison Study Efthyvoulos Drousiotis, Panagiotis Pentaliotis, Lei Shi and Alexandra Cristea
195 A Comparative Study of Learning Outcomes for Online Learning Platforms Francois St-Hilaire, Nathan Burns, Robert Belfer, Muhammad Shayan, Ariella Smofsky, Dung Do Vu, Antoine Frau, Joseph Potochny, Farid Faraji, Vincent Pavero, Neroli Ko, Ansona Onyi Ching, Sabina Elkins, Anush Stepanyan, Adela Matajova, Laurent Charlin, Yoshua Bengio, Iulian Vlad Serban and Ekaterina Kochmar

Slot #4

Session: Adaptivity

ID Title Authors
17 Incorporating Item Response Theory into Knowledge Tracing Geoffrey Converse, Suely Oliveira and Shi Pu
98 Modeling Frustration Trajectories and Problem-Solving Behaviors in Adaptive Learning Environments for Introductory Computer Science Xiaoyi Tian, Joseph B. Wiggins, Fahmid Morshed Fahid, Andrew Emerson, Dolly Bounajim, Andy Smith, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer, Eric Wiebe, Bradford Mott and James Lester
131 An Ensemble Approach for Question-level Knowledge Tracing Aayesha Zia, Jalal Nouri, Muhammad Afzaal, Yongchao Wu, Xiu Li and Rebecka Weegar
169 Data Augmentation for Enlarging Student Feature Space and Improving Random Forest Success Prediction Timothy H. Bell, Christel Dartigues-Pallez, Florent Jaillet and Christophe Genolini
171 Multi-Armed Bandit Algorithms for Adaptive Learning: A Survey John Mui, Fuhua Lin and Ali Dewan
253 Elo-infused Bayesian Knowledge Tracing – an approach to operationalized individualization Michael Yudelson

Session: Equity and Ethics

ID Title Authors
14 Identifying Struggling Students by Comparing Online Tutor Clickstreams Ethan Prihar, Alexander Moore and Neil Heffernan
58 Protecting Student Privacy with Synthetic Data from Generative Adversarial Networks Peter Bautista and Paul Salvador Inventado
81 Behavioral Phenotyping for Predictive Model Equity and Interpretability in STEM Education Marcus Tyler, Alex Liu and Ravi Srinivasan
84 Computer-Supported Human Mentoring for Personalized and Equitable Math Learning Peter Schaldenbrand, Nikki Lobczowski, Elizabeth Richey, Shivang Gupta, Elizabeth McLaughlin, Adetunji Adeniran and Kenneth Koedinger
91 Dr. Proctor: A Multi-modal AI-Based Platform for Remote Proctoring in Education Ahmed E. Elshafey, Mohammed R. Anany, Amr S. Mohamed, Nourhan Sakr, and Sherif G. Aly
219 Artificial Intelligence Ethics Guidelines for K-12 Education: A Review of the Global Landscape Cathy Adams, Patti Pente and Gillian Lemermeyer
227 Using AI to promote equitable classroom instruction: The TalkMoves Application Abhijit Suresh, Jennifer Jacobs, Charis Clevenger, Vivian Lai, Chenhao Tan, James H. Martin and Tamara Sumner

Session: Student modeling

ID Title Authors
47 Designing intelligent systems to support medical diagnostic reasoning using process data Elizabeth B. Cloude, Nikki Anne M. Ballelos, Roger Azevedo, Analia Castiglioni, Jeffrey LaRochelle, Anya Andrews and Caridad Hernandez
96 Toward Stable Asymptotic Learning with Simulated Learners Daniel Weitekamp, Erik Harpstead and Kenneth Koedinger
137 DanceTutor: An ITS for Coaching Novice Ballet Dancers using Pose Recognition of Whole-body Movements Lurlynn Maharaj-Pariagsingh and Phaedra Mohammed
139 Examining Learners’ Reflections over Time during Game-based Learning Daryn Dever, Elizabeth Cloude and Roger Azevedo
189 Interactive Personas: Towards the Dynamic Assessment of Student Motivation within ITS Ishrat Ahmed, Adam Clark, Stefania Metzger, Ruth Wylie, Yoav Bergner and Erin Walker
202 Paraphrasing Academic Text: A Study of Back-translating Anatomy and Physiology with Transformers Andrew Olney
222 WikiMorph: Learning to Decompose Words into Morphological Structures Jeffrey Yarbro and Andrew Olney
42 PAKT: A Position-Aware Self-Attentive Approach for Knowledge Tracing Yuanxin Ouyang, Yucong Zhou, Hongbo Zhang, Wenge Rong and Zhang Xiong

Journal Track

Session: NLP and Learning

Title Author
Applying Natural Language Processing and Hierarchical Machine Learning Approaches to Text Difficulty Classification Renu Balyan, Kathryn S. McCarthy & Danielle S. McNamara
Predictive Student Modeling in Game-Based Learning Environments with Word Embedding Representations of Reflection Michael Geden, Andrew Emerson, Dan Carpenter, Jonathan Rowe, Roger Azevedo & James Lester
Mapping Artificial Intelligence in Education Research: A Network-based Keyword Analysis Shihui Feng & Nancy Law
Complexity and Difficulty of Items in Learning Systems Radek Pelánek, Tomáš Effenberger & Jaroslav Čechák

Session: Teaching and Tutoring

Title Author
Meta-Affective Behaviour within an Intelligent Tutoring System for Mathematics Genaro Rebolledo-Mendez, N. Sofia Huerta-Pacheco, Ryan S. Baker & Benedict du Boulay
The Impact of Autonomy and Types of Informational Text Presentations in Game-Based Environments on Learning: Converging Multi-Channel Processes Data and Learning Outcomes Daryn A. Dever, Roger Azevedo, Elizabeth B. Cloude & Megan Wiedbusch
Teaching Algebraic Model Construction: A Tutoring System, Lessons Learned and an Evaluation Kurt VanLehn, Chandrani Banerjee, Fabio Milner & Jon Wetzel
Domain-General Tutor Authoring with Apprentice Learner Models Christopher J. MacLellan & Kenneth R. Koedinger

Session: Intelligent Tutoring

Title Author
Knowledge-Based Design Analytics for Authoring Courses with Smart Learning Content Laia Albó, Jordan Barria-Pineda, Peter Brusilovsky & Davinia Hernández-Leo
Domain-Specific Modeling Languages in Computer-Based Learning Environments: A Systematic Approach to Support Science Learning through Computational Modeling Nicole M. Hutchins, Gautam Biswas, Ningyu Zhang, Caitlin Snyder, Ákos Lédeczi & Miklós Maróti
Intelligent Feedback on Hypothesis Testing Sietske Tacoma, Bastiaan Heeren, Johan Jeuring & Paul Drijvers
How Difficult is the Task for you? Modelling and Analysis of Students’ Task Difficulty Sequences in a Simulation-Based POE Environment Sadia Nawaz, Namrata Srivastava, Ji Hyun Yu, Anam Ahmad Khan, Gregor Kennedy, James Bailey & Ryan Shaun Baker
Generation and Use of Hints and Feedback in a Hilbert-Style Axiomatic Proof Tutor Josje Lodder, Bastiaan Heeren, Johan Jeuring & Wendy Neijenhuis

Session: Ethics and Diversity

Title Author
Ethics of AI in Education: Towards a Community-Wide Framework Wayne Holmes, Kaska Porayska-Pomsta, Ken Holstein, Emma Sutherland, Toby Baker, Simon Buckingham Shum, Olga C. Santos, Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Mutlu Cukurova, Ig Ibert Bittencourt & Kenneth R. Koedinger
The Sensitivity of a Scenario-Based Assessment of Written Argumentation to School Differences in Curriculum and Instruction Paul Deane, Joshua Wilson, Mo Zhang, Chen Li, Peter van Rijn, Hongwen Guo, Amanda Roth, Eowyn Winchester & Theresa Richter
Towards Designing Profitable Courses: Predicting Student Purchasing Behaviour in MOOCs Mohammad Alshehri, Ahmed Alamri, Alexandra I. Cristea & Craig D. Stewart
Teaching Responsible Data Science: Charting New Pedagogical Territory Armanda Lewis & Julia Stoyanovich